Being 5 years new to the San Diego area, I heard rumors and tidbits, but never met anyone who could give me any definitive answers. So here is the timeline as best as I could piece it together:
1943: Henry and Jessie Boney start selling peaches at a fruit stand in La Mesa. The business later grows to include four more outlets with an expanded produce line.
1950: The first family store opens in Chula Vista. Henry Boney later sells the chain and founds Speedee Mart.
1964: Boney sells Speedee Mart to the company that operates the 7-Eleven chain.
1971: The first Frazier Farms store opened on Grand Avenue in Escondido.
1976: Son Steve Boney founds Windmill Farms. The family later sells 11 of the outlets and keeps three.
1978: Frazier Farms moves a short distance to a new location on Center City Parkway. The popular store eventually expanded to four locations.
1980: Brothers Stan and Scott Boney create a corporation named Boney & Boney, Inc., to operate a market in El Cajon, California, under the name “Windmill Farms.” They also create a partnership to operate a Windmill Farms market in Vista, California. Stan and Scott later created Boney & Boney/Vista, Inc., and transferred to it the partnership’s interest in the Vista market.
Also in 1980, Whole Foods Market founded in Austin, Texas, by four local businesspeople who decided the natural foods industry was ready for a supermarket format. They were John Mackey and Renee Lawson Hardy, owners of Safer Way Natural Foods, and Craig Weller and Mark Skiles, owners of Clarksville Natural Grocery. At the time, there were less than half a dozen natural food supermarkets in the United States.
1982: Stan and Scott bought a market in Spring Valley, which they held through Boney & Boney, Inc., and operated as a “Windmill Farms” market.
1983: Stan and Scott decide to leave the Windmill Farms organization in order to have more quality and advertising control. They rename their three Windmill Farms markets as Boney’s Marketplace. Mike Darr (the Boneys’ brother-in-law) and Farm Yard, Ltd., also rename Windmill Farms markets they own as Boney’s Marketplace. Stan and Scott enter into a written “cooperative advertising/operating agreement” authorizing Darr and Farm Yard to use the trade name Boney’s Marketplace and stating that Boney & Boney, Inc., owns all rights to the trade name. Stan and Scott continue to operate their three markets, maintaining the stores’ existing appearance, and to market foodstuffs and vitamins under the Boney’s Marketplace private label.
In that same year, Bill Frazier sells Frazier Farms in 1983 to Norman Frazier. Norman maintains the same standards for value along with a passion for food and regard for good health.
1985: Steve Boney opens a market in Pacific Beach.
In October, Stan and Scott (as Boney & Boney, Inc., and Boney & Boney/Vista, Inc.), Mike Darr, and Steve enter into a cooperative advertising agreement. This agreement contains the following provision:
All rights to use of the “Tradename” [Boney’s Marketplace] shall remain with Boney [Stan and Scott’s corporations], except that, Steve and Darr shall also have the right to use of the “Tradename” at locations that do not compete with any current or future locations of the Parties. The right to the “Tradename” shall expire three calendar months after any of the parties sell their store(s) and/or stop contributing to the weekly advertising budget. Stan and Scott also retain the right to terminate any store’s right to use the trade name in response to delinquency or default in contributing to the advertising budget.
1986: Steve Boney opens another market in Escondido. Steve operates both of these markets under the name Boney’s Marketplace. Steve sells the Pacific Beach store in September, and in October, incorporates the Escondido store as Stephen W. Boney, Inc. (SWB)
1988: Stan and Scott restructure their corporate entities. Boney & Boney, Inc., sells the right to the trade name Boney’s Marketplace, including existing licensing agreements regarding that name, to a limited partnership called Boney’s Services, Ltd. Boney’s Services, Ltd., then enter into licensing agreements with Mike Darr (president of the El Cajon store) and Norman Frazier (president of the Vista store), granting them non-exclusive licenses to use the trade name Boney’s Marketplace.
1989: Steve opens a store in Denver, Colorado, to which he shipped goods bearing the Boney’s Marketplace trademark. He subsequently sells the Denver store. Steve has continuously owned and operated the Escondido store since 1986. He sells goods at that store bearing the Boney’s Marketplace trademark, including specialty breads baked from trade secret recipes.
1989 – 1994: Events that transpired between 1989 and 1994 are somewhat unclear. Immediately before and immediately after Stan and Scott’s 1988 corporate restructuring, four Boney’s Marketplace stores were associated with Stan and Scott and used the trade name with Stan and Scott’s permission. Steve owned and operated the Escondido store. Boney’s Services, Ltd., merged with Boney’s Services, Inc. (BSI). Steve, through SWB, opened two new stores in the San Diego area. Stan and Scott and their associates opened several new stores. Relations between Steve and his brothers deteriorated; their conflict focused on their respective rights to the Boney’s Marketplace name.
1996: After that family rift*, the Boneys change the store names to Henry’s Marketplace.
1999: Boney Family sells 12 Henry’s Markets to Wild Oats Markets, Inc. and signs non-compete agreement. The Henry’s family includes 23 stores in Southern California. Henry’s in El Cajon continues to operate as a licensed store, owned by Mike and Darlene (Boney) Darr.
2001: A non-compete agreement between the Boneys and Wild Oats expires.
2002: Stan Boney and his grandson, Shon Boney, start a new health food venture in Phoenix called Sprouts in Chandler, Ariz. The company has since opened 19 additional units, and now operates 15 stores in Arizona, plus two in Texas.
2004: Henry’s in El Cajon and Vista reunite with the Boney family and are renamed Sprouts Farmers Market.
2006: The Frazier family proudly returns the name of the Vista location to Frazier Farms and continues their family legacy of bringing value to the community with the highest possible quality at competitive prices.
2007: Wild Oats is acquired by Whole Foods Market following a highly debated merger in August.
In October, Whole Foods Market completes the sale of all 35 Henry’s Farmers Market and Sun Harvest Market stores to a subsidiary of Los Angeles grocer Smart & Final Inc. for $166 million. Smart & Final in turn was acquired by the private equity firm Apollo Management earlier in 2007.
* Steve Boney (Stephen W. Boney, Inc. aka SWB) sued his brothers Stan and Scott Boney (Boney Services, Inc. aka BSI) for trademark, trade name, and trade dress infringement. The district court granted summary judgment to BSI, finding that Stan and Scott had continuously used and controlled the name “Boney’s Marketplace” since 1983 and therefore had priority over SWB’s use of the name. The district court subsequently denied BSI’s motion for attorney’s fees and reconsideration. BSI appeals the denial of attorney’s fees; SWB cross-appeals the summary judgment entered against him. The district court having jurisdiction affirmed in part and reversed in part.
McMahon, Shannon. (2004, December 30). Boneys take root again in county. San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved July 22, 2010 from http://www.signonsandiego.com
Stephen Boney, Inc. v. Boney Services, Inc. (1997). Retrieved July 22, 2010 from Findlaw databases.
Tanner, Ron. (no date available). Sprouts Farmers Market. Specialty Food Magazine. Retrieved July 22, 2010 from http://www.signonsandiego.com/